Number of Black men that can expect to go to jail in their lifetime: 1 in 3

United States Sentencing Commission, 2011. 2011 Annual ReportWashington, DC: U.S. Sentencing Commission.

Number of children in the U.S. with a parent in prison: 2.7 million

The Pew Charitable Trusts, 2010. Collateral Costs: Incarceration’s Effect on Economic Mobility. Washington, DC: The Pew Charitable Trusts.

Number of children under 25 who have parents in Alameda or San Francisco County Jails on any given day: 3,000+

Kramer, K. and the Children of Incarcerated Parents Jail Survey Teams, 2016. Descriptive Overview of Parents, Children and Incarceration in Alameda and San Francisco County Jails. Alameda County Children of Incarcerated Parents Partnership & San Francisco Children of Incarcerated Parents Partnership. Zellerbach Family Foundation.

Number of children who have experienced parental incarceration at some point in their lives: 10 million

The Pew Charitable Trusts, 2010. Collateral Costs: Incarceration’s Effect on Economic Mobility. Washington, DC: The Pew Charitable Trusts.

Number of delinquency cases that are disposed in juvenile court annually: 1.7 million

Youth.gov. Youth Involved with the Juvenile Justice System.

Number of people in jail presumed innocent awaiting trial or resolution through plea negotiations: 3 out of 5

Swavola, Elizabeth, Kristine Riley, and Ram Subramanian, 2014. Overlooked: Women and Jails in an Era of ReformNew York, NY: Vera Institute of Justice.

Number of incarcerated fathers who have children under 17: 1.1 million

The Pew Charitable Trusts, 2010. Collateral Costs: Incarceration’s Effect on Economic MobilityWashington, DC: The Pew Charitable Trusts.

Number of incarcerated mothers who have children under 17: 120,000

The Pew Charitable Trusts, 2010. Collateral Costs: Incarceration’s Effect on Economic MobilityWashington, DC: The Pew Charitable Trusts.

Number of youth under 18 arrested during a single year in the United States: 2.1 million

Youth.gov. Youth Involved with the Juvenile Justice System.

Percentage of children in San Francisco or Alameda County who had to change homes because their parents went to jail: 27%

Kramer, K. and the Children of Incarcerated Parents Jail Survey Teams, 2016. Descriptive Overview of Parents, Children and Incarceration in Alameda and San Francisco County JailsAlameda County Children of Incarcerated Parents Partnership & San Francisco Children of Incarcerated Parents Partnership. Zellerback Family Foundation.

Percentage of incarcerated parents in Alameda and San Francisco who want to reconnect with a child after release: 95%

Kramer, K. and the Children of Incarcerated Parents Jail Survey Teams, 2016. Descriptive Overview of Parents, Children and Incarceration in Alameda and San Francisco County Jails. Alameda County Children of Incarcerated Parents Partnership & San Francisco Children of Incarcerated Parents Partnership. Zellerbach Family Foundation.

Percentage of children in San Francisco or Alameda County with an incarcerated parent who witnessed their parent’s arrest: 43%

Kramer, K. and the Children of Incarcerated Parents Jail Survey Teams, 2016. Descriptive Overview of Parents, Children and Incarceration in Alameda and San Francisco County Jails. Alameda County Children of Incarcerated Parents Partnership & San Francisco Children of Incarcerated Parents Partnership. Zellerbach Family Foundation.

Percentage of parents in a state correctional facility who have never had a personal visit from their children: 59%

Glaze, Lauren E and Laura M. Maruschak, 2010. Parents in Prison and Their Minor Children. Washington, DC: Bureau of Justice Statistics.

Percentage of youth admitted to state adult prison who are African American (only 16% of the population): 58% 

Youth.gov. Youth Involved with the Juvenile Justice System.

Percentage of youth in the United States who will be arrested by age 23: 33%

Brame, Robert et al., 2012. Cumulative Prevalence of Arrest From Ages 8 to 23 in a National SampleAmerican Academic of Pediatrics.

Percentage of 18-25 year olds who return to prison after release: 67.7%

California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation, 2014. 2014 Outcome Evaluation Report. Sacramento, CA: California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation.

Percentage of 18-25 year olds who return to prison within the first three months: 26.3%

California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation, 2014. 2014 Outcome Evaluation Report. Sacramento, CA: California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation.

Prison sentences of Black men in comparison to those of white men for similar offenses: 14.5% longer

United States Sentencing Commission, 2011. 2011 Annual ReportWashington, DC: U.S. Sentencing Commission.

Rate that incarceration of women has increased between 1980 and 2014: >700%

Nellis, Ashley, 2016. The Color of Justice: Racial and Ethnic Disparity in State PrisonsWashington, DC: The Sentencing Project.

The greatest predictor of adult incarceration: juvenile incarceration

Bernstein, Nell, 2014. Burning Down the House: The End of Juvenile PrisonNew York, NY: The New Press.

The rate of incarceration of Black Americans in state prisons compared to white Americans in 2014: 5.1 times

Nellis, Ashley, 2016. The Color of Justice: Racial and Ethnic Disparity in State PrisonsWashington, DC: The Sentencing Project.